If we are working with a scene that’s more complex, we may split it up into different sections. We’ll start with a cube. Finishing up, we can add a transition to animate the rotation between states. All example code licensed MIT. I’m powering my cuboids with CSS variables. However the effect looks rigid and inflexible. That's a good thing! That way, it’s possible to see how things are lining up or work on a part that you might not see at first. The strings holding them use the correct perspective and each has its own rotation, tilt, etc. All the surfaces are using a texture image. Sometimes it takes a little out-of-the-box thinking. That’s where the filter property can help. Really good article! If we place the canvas exactly against the wall, we are going to hit issues. For example, consider the 3D workspace. Is there, or will there be, any sort of demand for it from website owners, I wonder? But the balloons themselves are flat. It’s four cuboids. If I’m creating something to scale, I might create a responsive unit. The ‘viewStage’ is the element in which our 3D animation takes place. For that, we can introduce sub-planes. Spherical shapes are not in the CSS wheelhouse. However, these HTML elements won’t be able to become a cube automatically without help from CSS3 3D transforms. business, with a local development tool to match. Three shades for a certain thing allows us to differentiate the sides of a cuboid visually. If we rotate the plane, the balloons maintain the counter plane rotation. This makes animation easier. This is a big time-saver. There’s not a generic solution for it. In fact, we can even spin the top without moving the feet! We can use these for various details. The order of transform functions is meaningful. Try resizing this demo with the “Canvas offset” on and off. I had a house plant suggested to me as I built the 3D workspace. https://github.com/boblemarin/Sprite3D.js/. It takes a little tinkering to cater to your needs. This demo shows how we can move a cuboid around the plane changing its dimensions. To bring the front face a little closer to the eyes, we translate it on the Z-axis:.cube-face-front { color: blue; transform: translate3d(0, 0, 20px); } You won’t see any difference yet. perspective. You’ll notice that I rotate the plane a lot as I build up the scene. This makes it easier to move it around the scene and rotate it — among other things — without affecting anything else. And it’s not a bad idea to apply it everywhere. We’re going to use cuboids like LEGO pieces. The -webkit-backface-visibility attribute is used to specific whether or not the element should be visible when not facing the screen. Try out the demo and switch off the countering. The 4 side faces are all perpendicular to the viewer, so they appear on-edge, near-invisible. Lets understand why. I have a few in the room. We mentioned this technique in a previous article. We aren’t going to walk through how to make a cuboid in CSS. For your 3D creations that are more than a few faces, try and imagine the whole scene built from cuboids. Notice how the shadow flickers when there is no offset? I recently read an article about the UX of LEGO interface panels. First, let’s make the rotation looks more attractive by adding some animation-delay attribute to each cube. As for the CSS. To show off 3D at rest, we’ll have to create true 3D objects: prisms. We have various options at this point. That’s dat.GUI. leverage Jetpack for extra functionality and Local Creating cuboids of various sizes and across a plane makes for a lot of repetition for each creation. Each side of the cube is 200px wide. right I use vmin mostly as my sizing unit to keep everything responsive. Download the files for more details about keyframes setting. Once we’ve got a structure, it’s time to work on the aesthetics. It’s a lightweight controller library for JavaScript that super useful for debugging 3D CSS. It wasn’t until later that I got to tackle and find my love for the front end. ShopTalk is a podcast all about front-end web design and development. Another is to create rounded shapes and use the rotation method we mentioned with the plant. CSS-Tricks is hosted by Flywheel, the best WordPress hosting in the The first step is to create few cubes and combine them into one big cube. We’ll start with a cube. Now all the faces are placed on top of one another, ready to be rotated. One option is to embrace that fact and create polygons with a finite number of sides. Written content licensed CC-BY. The offset sets the --x to a fraction of 1vmin that we’ve named --cm. They drew me in and shaped (pun intended) my understanding of CSS more than other things, like layout, color, etc. When you apply a 3D transform, browsers take a snap-shot of the element and then re-render those pixels with 3D transforms applied. Note here that the translate function comes after the rotate. We need shades to differentiate the different sides. transform: perspective(500px) translateZ(250px). How about shapes — or features we want to create that seem impossible — using a finite set of elements? Awkward shapes are tough to cover in a generic way. If you watch the timelapse video in this tweet. Few cubes are located near each other with different images bind to cubes… It’s likely we’ll deal with nested cuboids when things get more complex. Notice how the order of the transform functions has reversed. But again, it’s on a use case basis. You might have noticed that little panel in the top right for some of the demos we’ve covered. This is the best way to post any code, inline like `
` or multiline blocks within triple backtick fences (```) with double new lines before and after. For me, when I create a scene, I like to rotate it on the X and Y axis first. We all know that a basic cube consists of six faces, which are front, back, top, bottom, left and right. That’s because the shadow and the wall are fighting for view. In fact, approaching 3D CSS work like it’s a LEGO set isn’t a bad idea. My cuboid class is currently looking like this: Which, by default, gives me something like this: You may have noticed a fair few CSS variables (aka custom properties) in there. Being accurate can sometimes cause issues. We can use background layers to create shading. Today I would like to show you how to create an amazing 3D rotation animation using CSS3 3D transforms and CSS3 animation properties, WITHOUT using JavaScript. Sometimes we can trick the eye with a little smoke and mirrors. Here I’ve broken that demo down to show the centers and how having an offset center would affect the demo. CSS3 animation and 2D transforms have been implemented in Safari, Firefox, Opera and even Internet Explorer 10, but in this article we're taking it a step further using keyframes to set up perpetual animation effects in 3D space. But to differentiate the sides, brightness filters are applied. The CSS for combining these cubes are as below. Now, when they’re rotated, we get the impression of a 3D plant. Lets get to know some concepts of CSS3 3D. Mailchimp: Grow sales with Customer Journey Smarts. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. To resolve the distortion and restore pixel perfection to our cube, we can push back the 3D object, so that the front face will be positioned back at the Z origin. Another trick is to use background-image for adding details. Consider this CSS flipping table. That will solve the issue and declare what should sit in front. Trying to debug a missing transform-style while hopping between browsers can be painful. Let’s get it started with our core element – cube. And this gives that “faux” 3D impression. Your email address will not be published. However, all the vendor prefixes will be excluded from the code, but you can still find them in the files. Use some of my tips, create your own, share them, and share your 3D creations! Today I would like to show you how to create an amazing 3D rotation animation using CSS3 3D transforms and CSS3 animation properties, WITHOUT using JavaScript. Then we can clip the top face, make the end face transparent, and rotate a pseudo-element to join it up. Cards are a good start for working with 3D transforms, but they only show off 3D in transition.