Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. For instance, in the thirteenth century, at the height of the Mongol destructions, the great scientist Nasiruddin al Tusi applied the principles of Estehsan to develop a school of akhlaq (character) called akhlaq e Nasiri. Born: September 5, 702 (80 Hijri); Kufa, Umayyad Caliphate, Died: June 14, 772 (aged 69) (150 Hijri); Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate. This school later became the foundation of the curriculum in the schools of Mogul India. [36], His tomb, surmounted by a dome erected by admirers in 1066 is still a shrine for pilgrims. So the very powerful fact should merit some reflection. But at the same time he quotes the following with full confidence: Imam Abu Hanifa said; “Do not take knowledge from the scholars of Royal Palace. One of the characteristics of cotton seeds is that they radiate a brilliant light when they are ignited. The fact that individuals and nations will ultimately destroy themselves if they violate justice is Shari’ah. The Life and Works of Imam Jabir Bin Zayd, Shafi'i Muhaddith (Salah al-Din al-idlibi) questions age of Aisha in Bukhari. Ijaza. He wrote the books Fara’id and Shurut (Obligations and Conditions). Abu Hanifa used his personal judgment (ra’y) and conclusions by analogy (qiyaas) to the extent customary in the schools of religious law in his time. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Why not question the centuries long-held assumptions about the “Kharijites” from the Ahl Sunnah altogether? This independent reasoning, however, is not a matter of opinion but is to be understood not only within the context of the Qur’an as a whole, but also from the sources of the Prophet’s own words and deeds, referred to as the sunna, for Muhammad was effectively Islam’s greatest interpreter of the Qur’an as well as its reciter. However, there are many other ancillary issues surrounding this that I feel should be addressed. They give examples from the Qur’an and ahadith that seem to justify the freedom of disbelief. [33] It was given a restoration in 1535 by Suleiman the Magnificent upon the Ottoman conquest of Baghdad. “When I talk to you of anything which is between me and you (there might creep some error in it) for battle is outwitting.”. 5, Book 37, Hadith 4123), “I heard the Prophet (saw) “Do not revert to disbelief after me by striking (cutting) the necks of one another.” Source: (Al -Bukhari 707 Book 92, Hadith 28 Vol. [25], His most famous student was Imām Abu Yusuf, who served as the first chief justice in the Muslim world. The Hanafi Fiqh which evolved as an outgrowth of the teachings of Imam Abu Haneefa offers five sources for the development of Fiqh: the Quran, the Sunnah of the Prophet and his confirmed Ahadith, the Ijmah of the Companions, Qiyas and Estehsan. [9], Born to a Muslim family in Kufa,[6] Abu Hanifa is known to have travelled to the Hejaz region of Arabia in his youth, where he studied under the most renowned teachers in Mecca and Medina at the time. [28][29], Abū Ḥanīfah is regarded by some as one of the Tabi‘un, the generation after the Sahaba, who were the companions of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Criticism levelled against Imam Abu Hanifah", "Islamic Hijri Calendar For Rajab – 150 Hijri", "The Leading Fiqh Scholars (Founders of the four schools of Fiqh)", Imām-ul-A’zam Abū Ḥanīfah, The Theologian,, "Imam-ul-A'zam Abū Ḥanīfah, The Theologian", "The Muslim 500: The World's 500 Most Influential Muslims", "The Scholarly Acceptance of Imam Abu Hanifah's Pronouncements on al-Jarh wa al-Ta'dil", "Answers to Doubts over the 'Aqidah of Imam Abu Hanifah", Is Fiqh ul-Akbar Imaam Abu Haneefah's book, Some teachers and students of Imam Abu Hanifa,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Abu Muhammad Abdullah ibn Abdul Hakam (died 829) wrote biographies and history books, student of Malik ibn Anas, Key: Travelled extensively collecting the sayings of Muhammad and compiled books of hadith, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 03:02. Ibn Jarir recorded that `Ikrimah used to call out in the marketplace:(Allah wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs from you, O members of the family, and to purify you with a thorough purification. So after having failed to establish that Imam Abu Hanifa (r) had criticism for Ikrima (r.a) Shaykh Atabek and Sulaiman Ahmed pull out all the stops. 24-30. The coming of the Abbasids was accompanied by the creation of a centralised state which was bureaucratically ruled, increasing the need for standardisation and regulation. Ikrima (r.a) called for mass genocide? For example, they ascribed to him the doctrine that Hell was not eternal; or the opinion that it was lawful to revolt against a government. This consisted, among other things, of qiyas (analogical reasoning) and istihsan (juristic preference). Pay attention, I am not saying that they lie to them or command them what is not appropriate, but they pave the way for them so the masses are loyal to them. 9, Book 88 Hadith 198). But at the same time he quotes the following with full confidence: “Imam Abu Hanifa said; “Do not take knowledge from the scholars of Royal Palace. Fiqh is the historical dimension of the Shari’ah. Frye, Cyril Glasse, "The New Encyclopedia of Islam", Published by Rowman & Littlefield, 2008. pg 23: "Abu Hanifah, a Persian, was one of the great jurists of Islam and one of the historic Sunni Mujtahids". [13], It’s being said that his family emigrated from Charikar north of Kabul to Baghdad in the eighth century. On one occasion it is reported that Abu Hanifa took Imam Abu Yusuf to his library. Abu Barza reported that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) sent a person to a tribe amongst the tribes of Arabia. [6] As his career as a theologian and jurist progressed, Abu Hanifa became known for favoring the use of reason in his legal rulings (faqīh dhū raʾy) and even in his theology. So he immediately ordered the entire proceeds of the sale of the consignment of silk to be distributed to the poor. Abu Hanifa was never a Qazi. None are available in English at present. 8 Death in the Prison of Baghdad; 9 Abu Hanifa's School of Thought; 10 Abu Hanifa's Beliefs. Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan al-Muqri’ al-Naqqāsh (266 – 351). It is my hope that this article will be free from personal attacks, insults, and emotive language. Is that not a tacit admission that Sunnism was not a champion of egalitarianism? [33] He attained a very high status in the various fields of sacred knowledge and significantly influenced the development of Muslim theology. Abu Hanifa al-Nu’man son of Thabit, theologian and religious lawyer, the eponym of the school of the Haniafis. [30], Abū Ḥanīfah was born 67 years after the death of Muhammad, but during the time of the first generation of Muslims, some of whom lived on until Abū Ḥanīfah's youth. I do not have l-Dhahabi’s source to see how he dismissed Ibn Sirin’s critique. At this point, Ibn ‘Abbas seems to have doubted his initial support of ‘Ali. of senior sahabah? The fact that the sun rises from the east is Shari’ah. Hanafi (grass green) is the Sunni school predominant in Turkey, the Northern Middle East, many parts of Egypt, Central Asia and most of the Indian subcontinent, Abu Hanifa ranks as one of the greatest jurists of Islamic civilization and one of the major legal philosophers of the entire human community. The Murji’ites appear to have emerged as a reaction to the Kharijite (from kharaja, ‘going out’). The memorisation of the Qur’an and the sunna (collective Traditions of the Prophet), and the collection, elaboration and transmission of this knowledge became Abu Hanifa’s major activity. Is there a source for this? Wouldn’t that be amazing if they did! What mattered essentially was the inner conscience of the believer, and that should be judged by God alone. [33] It was given a restoration in 1535 by Suleiman the Magnificent upon the Ottoman conquest of Baghdad. The Caliph had hoped that by offering him a high post he could bring the Imam under his control. Especially in light of the overwhelming view that the “Khawarij” equate lying to disbelief. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The fact that the earth is tucked in a secure niche, coupled to a star of medium size, in a secure corner of our galaxy which rotates in its own orbit is Shari’ah. ( Log Out /  ( Log Out /  The Hanafi law school, like that of the Maliki, generally encouraged judges to exercise personal reflection and independent reasoning when reaching decisions: an important principle known in Islamic law as ijtihad. Wensick,[50] as well as Zubair Ali Zai. After few days, Abu Hanifa died in the prison. it is agreed by consensus that he was from the Khawarij. Is Abrogation of the Qur'an a false doctrine? Conclusion: Imam Abu Hanifa (r) has no jahr (criticism) of Ikrima (r.a).