The list of bipolar disorder medications is long and complex, but it's important to understand your options when it comes to treating this condition. Written by the Healthline Editorial Team, Everything You Need to Know About Bipolar Disorder, Could It Be Bipolar Disorder? Your doctor may do a physical exam and lab tests to identify any medical problems that could be causing your symptoms. Usually, only one medication is changed at a time. To determine if you have bipolar disorder, your evaluation may include: 1. Some of these medications can increase your appetite or cause changes in metabolism leading to weight gain. Here is a list of common bipolar medications and their side-effects. Methylphenidate or Dexmethylphenidate (Concerta, Ritalin and others), What to Avoid with Psychiatric Medications, Weight Gain Related to Psychiatric Treatments, ECT, TMS and Other Brain Stimulation Therapies, Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder. Anticonvulsants are also associated with increased risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior. (2019, May 20). smoking cessation agents, Brand names:  But the FDA has approved some medicines for bipolar depression, too: For some people, traditional antidepressants may trigger a manic episode. Common side effects include weight gain and digestive issues. (And Do They Really Work? provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. The Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance says nearly 5.7 Americans over the age of 18 are diagnosed every year. Some fight the extreme highs of mania and others treat the lows of depression. Prescribing Information, Drug class: Here are 14 of them. interactions, They also help to keep your moods from interfering with work, school, or your social life. Post RM. Overview Bipolar Disorder Drugs. Has a high potential for abuse. SGAs are commonly used to treat the symptoms of bipolar disorder and are often paired with other medications, including mood stabilizers. Cognitive-behavioral therapy: This looks into any negative thought patterns you may have and challenges them in order to change your behavior. However, nowadays, several types of bipolar disorder are recognized: bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymic disorder, mixed features, and rapid-cycling disorder. Bipolar disorder cannot be cured, but there are several medications approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Association (FDA) to help patients manage their symptoms. Mood stabilizers help balance brain chemicals to prevent mania, hypomania and major depressive episodes in people with bipolar disorder. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. All rights reserved. Continue to work with your psychiatric care professional to find the best way to keep your bipolar symptoms and your weight under control. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision. ECT involves transmitting short electrical impulses into the brain. They are also known to cause involuntary facial or body movements. Maintenance treatment also reduces the chance of minor shifts in mood developing into mania or depression. Drug class: Here are the 10 best vitamin C supplements of 2020. These include serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), and tricyclics. Because of this risk, your doctor should keep track of you closely if you take one. Mood stabilizers commonly used to treat bipolar disorder include: According to the FDA, antipsychotic medications (including newer drugs labeled atypical antipsychotics) are often the first line of treatment in severely manic patients to control symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions. They have been used since the mid-1990s. Prescribing Information, Brand name:  A caregiver can help you with just about anything you’re…, There’s no doubt that metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) affects every aspect of your life. Learn more about these and other drugs in this article. For best results, medication needs to be combined with therapy sessions and the instigation of good routines. Women with bipolar disorder who are of childbearing age, or who are considering getting pregnant, need special attention. Vitamin C is an essential nutrient that plays a diverse role in keeping your body healthy. If you still feel bad after that, see your doctor. These mood swings are much more severe than the normal ups and downs most people go through. What Can Cause Abdominal Swelling and Weight Gain? Some medications, such as lithium and valproic acid, can increase your unborn baby’s risk for birth defects. You may need regular tests to make sure that you're staying healthy. If a person is not treated, episodes of bipolar-related mania can last for between 3 and 6 months. However, if you are diagnosed with bipolar disorder, your doctor will examine your symptoms and weigh the side-effects with your symptoms to determine the best course of treatment. The majority of people diagnosed with bipolar disorder take some form of medication to manage their symptoms. Not all of these drugs have the same effects, though. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 2 Nov 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 2 Nov 2020), ASHP (updated 23 Oct 2020) and others. used in the treatment of this condition. Select one or more newsletters to continue. Dent R, et al. These drugs, also used to treat epilepsy, were found to be as effective as lithium for treating acute mania. They won’t cure you, but they will help you keep your moods in balance so you can do the things you need and want to do. Bipolar disorder is a condition that causes extreme mood swings. Bipolar Disorders. If you take one, your mood can still change during the day. Symbyax has properties of both an antidepressant and a mood stabilizer. Improving outcomes in patients with bipolar depression: A comprehensive review. It can be frustrating, but don't give up. Bipolar disorder in adults: Treating major depression with antidepressants. People with bipolar disorder fluctuate from feeling down and depressed to feeling super-charged or manic. Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy: This aims to improve disruptions to your biological or social rhythms (such as sleep disturbances and relationship issues). Accessed Dec. 11, 2017. Accessed Dec. 16, 2017. Postgraduate Medicine. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. There is a variety of medications that can help manage bipolar disorder, including mood-stabilizers, antidepressants, and anticonvulsants. Treatment usually includes a combination of medication and talk therapy. This medication works as both an antidepressant and a mood stabilizer. Common side effects include reduced sexual desire, sleep disturbance, increased appetite, dry mouth, gastrointestinal troubles, and menstrual problems. Lamictal (lamotrigine) Drug class: Anti-epileptics. Bipolar disorder medications are used to treat the symptoms of mania, hypomania, and depression that occur in people with bipolar, a brain disorder affecting 2.8% of the adult population. Side-effects of antipsychotic medications. Currently, only quetiapine and the combination of olanzepine and fluoxetine (Symbax) are approved for treating bipolar depression. NAMI Psychotherapy, support groups and psychoeducation about the illness are essential to treating bipolar disorder: An NIMH clinical trial, the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder (STEP-BD) showed that patients taking medications to treat bipolar disorder are more likely to get well faster and stay well if they receive a combination of several intensive psychotherapy interventions. The following are trademarks of NAMI: NAMI, NAMI Basics, NAMI Connection, NAMI Ending the Silence, NAMI FaithNet, NAMI Family & Friends, NAMI Family Support Group, NAMI Family-to-Family, NAMI Grading the States, NAMI Hearts & Minds, NAMI Homefront, NAMI HelpLine, NAMI In Our Own Voice, NAMI On Campus, NAMI Parents & Teachers as Allies, NAMI Peer-to-Peer, NAMI Provider, NAMI Smarts for Advocacy, Act4MentalHealth, Vote4MentalHealth, NAMIWalks and National Alliance on Mental Illness. They are often recommended for treating bipolar disorder. A weekly pillbox can help you see if you've missed a dose.