In the winter, cut back on watering it. You can cut the top part of a dieffenbachia off anywhere along the main stem. Note: Wear gloves while pruning, to be safe from the calcium oxalate crystals that cause itching to throat and mouth. Allow the cuttings to dry for one day before planting. Trim the end at a node, as in Step 4. They can also hit your celing. Helping gardeners grow their dreams since 1997. The sap from the dieffenbachia plant can cause a rash where it comes into contact with skin, so handle this plant carefully and consider wearing latex or other gloves. 2. Are your Dieffenbachia plants growing too big for that spot in the house? Plus, the Dieffenbachia is quite easy to propagate. Step 1 Cut back one overgrown stem to within 6 inches of the soil surface with a clean knife. National Gardening Association: Dieffenbachia spp. She has a Bachelor of Arts in journalism from Michigan State University, is an avid gardener and volunteers at her local botanical garden. Strip all but the top few leaves from the leafy top of the cane and discard them. Each segment has to have a node about ¼ inch from the bottom edge. Dieffenbachia plants feature cane-like stems potentially utilized to propagate the plant. In this case, make sure that the segment is half-covered with medium. Dieffenbachia is harmful to both humans and animals. Patricia Hamilton Reed has written professionally since 1987. 2. Cut through one or more diffenbachia canes at a 45-degree angle with a sharp, clean knife -- removing no more than one-third of plant's foliage -- about 6 inches above the soil about 1/4 inch above a node. The simplest way to propagate this plant is with a stem cutting or tip cutting. Keep evenly moist, but not soggy. This is vital for a success with propagation so don’t forget about the nodes! They should root in five to eight weeks when grown at 75 degrees. Avoid touching your face or skin while wearing the gloves. Characteristics: This is an ornamental plant that is used commonly as an indoor plant. Use a sterile knife to make the cuttings and be sure to sterilize the instrument before and after you use it. I just put my first Dieffenbachia cane cutting into water a bit over a week ago, and it has 8 decent root nubs, plus a few more potentials. Step 7: Cut back the remaining stem of the original plant a few inches above the soil line and add a few handfuls of fresh soil. University of Connecticut Extension: Dieffenbachia, How to Cut the Old Stems on a Dendrobium Orchid. Place the end of the cane section that was previously closest to the plant's base into the rooting mix, pushing it in about 1/2 inch or slightly more to ensure that the segment is stable. Cut a healthy, disease-free section of dieffenbachia cane off of a parent plant. If you... Dust the cut with rooting hormone. To maintain a healthy plant you should be giving indirect bright light.. Keep it away from direct sunlight during the middle of the day and early afternoon when the suns is at its hottest. 3. Toxicity of Dieffenbachia . Cut the remaining leaves in half so they do not draw as much moisture and energy from the cutting as it tries to grow. Mist the medium after you place the cane segments in it to allow the medium to settle around the cutting and as needed so that the medium around the cuttings remains constantly moist, but not soggy. They have beautiful patterned leaves and thick stems. Over the years I have developed a method similar to "Air layering" to root the stems and keep t… Dieffenbachia plants are easy to propagate with cuttings, so from a healthy mother plant, you could have an endless supply of new Dieffenbachias. Climate and temperature. Cane Cuttings. Strip all but the top few leaves from the leafy top of the cane and discard them. Dieffenbachia plant care 101 | dieffenbachia. Dieffenbachia Care Guide Light. Humility is essential to this plant. Dieffenbachia, also known as dumb cane, is one of the most common houseplants since it's easy to take care of. Dieffenbachia can be an attractive and almost carefree houseplant that adds a tropical statement to almost any room. Dieffenbachia (dieffenbachia spp.) Simply trim them off as needed. Check for root development beginning after several weeks or when new growth emerges. The Dieffenbachia aka Dumb Cane plant – has been grown and available as a houseplant for decades. Dieffenbachia, which is also known as the dumb cane, is an easy to grow houseplant, perfect for decorating homes and offices.This tropical shrub features lush blue-green, chartreuse-gold foliage, with yellow, white, or cream spots. Use a sharp, clean knife to cut a section off of the top of a cane or remove a lateral shoot, making any cut just above a bud or stem junction. Perennial tropical plant which can grow up to 2.5m tall. If you have children or pets, it should be kept out of reach. The varieties available break down into two groups based on their size – large floor plants and smaller “table top” selections. University of Illinois Extension: Vegetative Propagation of Houseplants, Cornell Cooperative Extension of Oneida County: Dieffenbachia, How to Grow Wisteria from Another Wisteria, How to Propagate Milk Thistle From a Cutting. Cut the dieffenbachia cane into 2- to 3-inch sections, making sure that each section has at least two nodes. Once you have a healthy plant growing in your home, you have the potential for an endless supply of new, smaller plants simply by propagating cuttings and clippings from the original parent plant.f © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Cane cuttings involve taking bare stems and cutting them into 8 to 13 cm long pieces and either sticking them vertically into pots of compost or pressing them horizontally into the surface of the compost to root. Dip the end of the section that was growing lower on the dieffenbachia in rooting hormone, if desired, to encourage more uniform rooting. A good potting medium for rooting dieffenbachia stem cuttings is half sand, half peat moss mixed thoroughly. They contain oxalate crystals, called raphides, in all parts of the plant. This is actually wrong, light shade is acceptable but nothing darker. Cut the stem into short pieces about 3 inches (7.62 cm) long. Take the cane you have pruned from the main plant. Cut the cane to form cuttings. Dieffenbachia propagation is a great way to increase your collection and knowledge of dumb cane plant care. Over that time many varieties have come and gone. Whoever told you that you can cut your dieffenbachia in half is just about right!