An endocrinologist is specially trained in problems with the endocrine system. If the pituitary gland produces too much growth hormone, a child's bones and body parts may grow abnormally fast. A number of factors are believed to cause endocrine disorders. The endocrine system acts to maintain equilibrium at the cellular level and is a vital link in homeostasis. Which indicates a favorable outcome to the nurse? See how one patient learned to manage her weight and diet. Pineal gland: A gland found near the center of the, Pituitary gland: A gland found at the base of, Testes: The male reproductive glands that produce. The adrenal glands sit atop our kidneys and secrete hormones involved in the stress response, such as epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline). What properties are different? In hyperthyroidism, or Grave’s disease, the thyroid secretes too much of the hormone thyroxine, causing agitation, bulging eyes, and weight loss. In teaching a client with Addison's disease about dietary needs, the nurse should emphasize the importance of consuming which nutrient? Endocrine disease that results when a gland produces too much or too little of an endocrine hormone, called a hormone imbalance. Third Party materials included herein protected under copyright law. The nurse recognizes which symptoms are characteristics of impending diabetics ketoacidosis? c) "This medication will prevent postoperative hemorrhage.". Even the slightest hiccup with the function of one or more of these glands can throw off the delicate balance of hormones in your body and lead to an endocrine disorder, or endocrine disease. The endocrine system can release hormones to induce the stress r… The relative proximity of the release site and target tissue varies dramatically between the two systems. The gonads secrete sexual hormones, which are important in reproduction, and mediate both sexual motivation and behavior. See below: The hormone Oxycontin, released by the pituitary gland is thought to be particularly important for reproductive behaviour. Although it is against most laws to do so, many professional athletes and body builders use anabolic steroid drugs to improve their athletic performance and physique. Like neurotransmitters, hormones are chemical messengers that must bind to a receptor in order to send their signal. The nurse instructs a client about insulin self-administration. Endocrine System. Of the many potential endocrine disorders, some of the most common relate to problems with the pancreas or with the pituitary, thyroid, or adrenal glands. Find out about some conditions that can benefit The adrenal gland releases too little of the hormone cortisol and sometimes, aldosterone. These rare, genetic conditions are passed down through families. Your email address will not be published. Hormones help the body regulate processes, such as appetite, breathing, growth, fluid balance, feminization and virilization, and weight control. Enclosed deep within the skull, the pituitary gland is the size of a pea. 2. Complications of certain endocrine disorders include: Get an overview of Conn's syndrome, or Conn's disease, including symptoms, causes and treatment options. Assessing the extent to which biological structures affect behaviour is very difficult. Hypothyroidism. A client with hyperthyroidism tells the nurse of becoming very irritable. Unlike exocrine glands(sweat, salivary), endocrine glands secrete their respective substances directly into the bloodstream rather than through a duct. The nurse would expect the client to exhibit which symptom? Hormones help the body regulate processes, such as appetite, breathing, growth, fluid balance, feminization and virilization, and weight control. The thyroid secretes thyroxine, which is important for basic metabolic processes and growth; the adrenal glands secrete hormones involved in the stress response; the pancreas secretes hormones that regulate blood sugar levels; and the ovaries and testes produce sex hormones that regulate sexual motivation and behavior. The symptoms of endocrine disorders can range from mild or even nonexistent to serious and affecting your entire body and overall feeling of well-being. A client diagnosed with type 1 diabetes asks the nurse why "a pill" for diabetes can't be taken. Seek prompt medical care if you are being treated for endocrine disorders and have persistent bothersome symptoms, as they may indicate a more serious condition.